Category Archives: General

Sturgeons Are “Black-and-White” Viewers

Yes, that’s right. Sturgeon fishes are kind of “colorblind” fishes in the sense that they see their surroundings in black and white. So if you plan on having a Sturgeon fish pond, it might be a good idea to choose a white- (or light-) colored pond liner or “foil” for your Sturgeon pond and do not put a lot of dark-colored pebbles or gravel in it (in fact, it might be a good idea to try not “putting in” some substrate) so that your S ...


Avoid “stressing” Your Fishes

Do Not “Stress” Your Fishes. If possible, at all times avoid “stressing” your fishes, as stress lowers their natural resistance, rendering them vulnerable to diseases. Stressors come in many forms, such as persistent vibration or “pounding” on the pond or the water’s surface, changes in temperature and/or water pressure, lack or inadequacy of food or “sources” of nutrition, poor quality of the water, chemical buildup in the w ...


Buy Aquatic Plants In The Summer And Autumn

Buy Aquatic Plants in the Summer and Autumn.  Many new pond owners do not know about this “trick”. If you buy your aquatic plants in the Summer or Autumn, they somehow tend to be a lot better-developed and stronger than the plants that most owners would buy in early Spring. Hence, you get more “value” for your money and their chances of an insured growth will be much higher. ...

Large Servicing Work VS. Small Regular Maintenance Jobs?

Large, “Wholesale” Servicing Work VS Small, “Piecemeal” Regular Maintenance Jobs? A frequent question which arises among beginning pond owners is whether they should “schedule” infrequent but large-scale (or “wholesale”) servicing work on their pond’s filtration systems, pumps, water, etc., or whether they should do frequent/regular but smaller-scale (or “piecemeal”) maintenance jobs. The correct answer is to choose the ...

Do Not Plant Your Aquatic Plants In Nature

Do Not “Plant” Your Aquatic Plants in Nature (Unless You Want Them to Multiply with Reckless Abandon). Sometimes, when you a doing some “maintenance” work on your pond, you will probably be “thinning” certain aquatic plants species. These excess aquatic plants are best not left to grow in ditches or streams, because certain aquatic plants, such as the Pennywort and Pearl Feather Herb can easily displace the native species of pl ...

Always Purchase Pump Specifically Designed For Pond

Always Purchase an Efficient Pump Specifically Designed for Pond Use and with a High Flow Rate.  Most beginning pond owners don’t realize this fact, but each pump whatsoever will ultimately cost more (in terms of power consumption, repair & maintenance costs, etc.) to use than the purchase price of the device itself. Some beginning pond owners buy very cheap pumps, even those not designed for pond use, because of the inexpensive “init ...

Do Not Buy Too Small Sturgeon

Do Not Buy a Sturgeon That is Less Than 25 cm Long. If ever you are thinking of making a Sturgeon pond, do not buy Sturgeon fishes that are too small, like under 25 cm. If they are too small, they probably cannot save their plight from death. But if they are at least 25 cm, they can at least feed on the algae and leaves of oxygenating plants until they grow longer (and more powerful) and eventually survive. ...

UV Lamps Are Allies Of Filamentous Algae

UV Lamps are Also the Filamentous Algae’s Allies. In a pond, there are basically two kinds of algae: the Filamentous or “Thread” Algae which fishes like to eat every now and then, and the pernicious “Floating” Algae that “eats up” a lot of your pond water’s nutrients, grows in massive quantities, and causes your pond water to “turn” green. Ultraviolet (UV) lights are used to “kill” these floating algae, resulting in ...

Always Dispense Exactly The Right Amount Of Medication

Another means by which parasites and/or other pathogenic organisms might develop resistance to fish medications is if too little of a particular fish medication was administered; the parasite or pathogenic organism might “survive” and develop resistance against that particular fish medication. So, to prevent this from happening, do not “scrimp” on fish medications; just administer the exact or appropriate amounts as “prescribed” by ...

Get Rid Of Your “Spring Cleaning” Rationale For Ponds

Another “Sage Advise” about “Preventive Treatments”: Preferably no “Spring Cures” Administration. Perhaps brought about by our penchant for doing “spring cleaning” among our houses or “immunization shots” for our babies and kids, many pond owners often administer their ponds a once-a-year “preventive” treatment (such as pond fumigation) supposedly to protect them from pests and diseases, and these pond owners “repeat” ...

Protect Your Koi From The Midday Sun

So you think fish don’t need protection from the sun simply because they are always “submerged” in water, right? Well, perhaps you don’t know that Koi can get “sunburned”. That’s right; some varieties of Koi tend to loiter close to the surface of the pond or in shallow areas, and that leaves their backs very close to the surface of the water or, at times, even partially out of the water. Provide a shaded place on the pond, espec ...

Basic Safety Precautions In “Transporting” Koi

Just as we purchase water plants for our ponds every now and then, from time to time we also buy fishes. Koi are a particularly sensitive breed of fishes, so extreme care must be exercised in “transporting” them from their place of purchase to your pond. The most “basic” of these precautions is to make sure that the Koi have been “double-bagged” (i.e., placed inside two layers of plastic bags), and that two or more “extra” pla ...

Use Ball Valves Instead Of Gate Or Slide Valves

Use Ball Valves Instead of Gate or Slide Valves in Gravity Filtration Systems. Are you using (or do you intend to use) a Gravity Filtration system? If so, use Ball Valves instead of Gate or Slide Valves. Gate or Slide Valves cause too much resistance, which significantly reduces the flow in the pipe. One Gate or Slide Valve can cause as much resistance as three Ball Valves. ...

When Algae Growth Is Not Normal?

Sometimes, We Think That the Algae Growth In Our Pond is No longer Considered “Normal”. When is it Actually “Not Normal”? Well, for starters, algae usually grow in the Spring, so it is perfectly nor?mal to see algae growth in your pond at Springtime, and in most healthy, naturally-”balanced” ponds, the algae growth will disappear after a few weeks. But if it doesn’t, then it is no longer “normal”. Don’t worry, though; algae ...